Currently, there are no effective drugs that can completely eliminate human papillomavirus. Therefore, symptomatic therapy is used, depending on the symptoms of the particular patient:
- Genital warts – warts on the sex organs can also reproduce on their own; When it is necessary to remove them, the pharmacological treatment : Aldara / Wartec / Condyline, the surgical operations and also the freezing (cryosurgery) are carried out mainly. Possibly, the treatment can be repeated to remove all changes. At the time of treatment, sexual abstinence should be maintained or protected with condoms because treatment of genital warts does not reduce the risk of HPV infection with sexual partners.
- Bowenoid papule – to remove changes, cryotherapy, electrocoagulation, laser treatment or surgical operations are performed
- Bowen’s disease – cryotherapy, laser therapy, surgical operations and medicinal treatment with ointments are performed
- Penile and anal cancer – the type of treatment depends on the stage of the disease; This is mainly surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
HPV infections can be avoided in the following ways:
- In places that are easy to get infected – such as locker rooms, swimming pools, showers – it is advisable to wear safety shoes
- Avoid direct contact with people with visible warts
- Avoid contact with items that allow HPV to survive, such as leather handrails on public transport
- Use of condoms; however, condoms of adequate use do not offer 100% protection against HPV, they reduce the risk by about 75%