Genital Warts and Pregnancy

For the woman’s body, pregnancy means many significant changes, such as hormonal changes and weakened immune systems, which favors infections with various types of bacteria and viruses. Among other things, during this period, the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as well as the risk of latent virus form being activated.

Genital warts, that is, the warts that appear around the genitals and anus, are usually not very large. There are, however, cases where they are so large that they prevent access to the vagina. However, ongoing research has not shown that the HPV virus poses a direct risk for pregnancy and the fetus. It also does not affect the course of pregnancy.


Treatment of genital warts in pregnant women

Unfortunately, there are problems with correct medication because many of the remedies for the treatment of genital warts also have a teratogenic effect, which can cause birth defects in the fetus. In case of a greater number of warts in the area, your doctor may recommend removal by freezing, laser therapy, electrocoagulation or, rarely, by surgical excision. Treatments are performed under local anesthesia or under general anesthesia.


Risk of HPV transmission to the child

The risk of infecting the child with HPV is low. However, special precautions are taken, that is, pregnancy is stopped by Caesarean section because a natural delivery means the child will have longer contact with the areas affected by HPV. This applies particularly to pregnant women who have never given birth because their sex organs are not as elastic and conception usually takes longer.
The reported cases of infection with human papillomavirus in children are usually associated with the occurrence of otolaryngological changes during the first six months of the child’s life – the disease is referred to as laryngeal papillomatosis.