The infection occurs during intercourse. The virus penetrates the body through the damaged epithelium of the cervix, vagina, or vulva. The development of genital warts is promoted by untreated diseases of the genital urinary system, serious diseases, weakened immune system or major hormonal changes during pregnancy. The increased risk of infection occurs in people who frequently change their sexual partners.
A different route of infection has not been detected and recognized, although it is suspected that infection by damaged skin is also possible in contact with the surface on which the virus is located.
Symptoms of genital warts female
The incubation time or the time from penetration into the body to the first symptoms is from a few weeks to several years. Activation of the virus may be associated with many factors, such as a weakened immune system. In many people, the infection is completely asymptomatic, which does not mean that it is not possible to infect someone during intercourse.
In some affected individuals whose immune system does not work well, there are symptoms such as: warts on the genitals and anus. In women, they appear primarily in the anterior area of the vagina and on the lips, but may also fill the anal region, buttocks, thighs, clitoris, or urethra. In addition, they may occur in the cervix.
At first, they are usually not visible and are only discovered during a gynecological examination. Over time, the warts grow to form a white cauliflower-like rash. Usually, they are not painful, but can be accompanied by symptoms like burning, staining, vaginal discharge and unpleasant odor. In extreme cases, major changes can occur that block access to the vagina and prevent a medical examination.
Treatment of genital warts in women
Thanks to modern medicine, the warts can be effectively removed. Treatment usually begins with administration of pharmacologically active ingredients containing podophyllin, which allows local removal of warts as well as oral antiviral medications. In the case of large warts, it is possible to electrocoagulation, laser therapy and cryotherapy, as well as surgical removal. Remember to also treat the sexual partner to prevent secondary infections. It would be best not to have sex or use condoms.